Ouessant: A French breed that takes its name from the island sitting 12 miles off the westerly point of Brittany, Ushant in English. I love wool. This makes Ouessant wool particularly suitable for a variety of craft purposes including spinning and felting. 5 out of 5 stars (2) 2 reviews $ 27.24. I love wool. In particular, Merino wool is noted for its very distinctive, beautiful locks. You can cancel your email alerts at any time. Despite their small size, rams of this breed have horns that can be impressively large. But, it must be said that I love wool in all its many forms : from the unbelievable fineness of a Merino to the beautiful luster of a Lincoln Longwool. Again, the wool is essentially the same length as that found on the side, but not as fine. Ouessant sheep for sale. The Ouessant existed exclusively on its home island until the beginning of the 20th century, and is still a rare breed today. It’s true that I have a bit of a preference for Ouessant wool. Feb 4, 2011 | Ouessant Wool 101 Un Petit Guide de la laine Ouessant, n° 3 : Les 4 types de fibres qui se trouvent dans une toison Ouessant As a primitive sheep, the Ouessant produces a fleece that is quite distinctive : the primary fibers form a type of outer coat and the secondary fibers make up the inner coat of wool. A small sheep breed, measuring 49cm at the withers for the ram and 46 for the ewe, it nevertheless does not qualify as a dwarf sheep, its legs being in proportion and not atrophied. When there are several different types of fibers of varying lengths and diameters the fibers cannot line up with each other. In Ouessant sheep, guard hairs come from the primary follicles and wool comes from the secondary follicles. Listen to the episode here! Enter your email address to receive alerts when we have new listings available for Ouessant sheep for sale. Rams have distinctive large curly horns that terminate in sharp, outward turning tips. What this means is that there is very little variation in the types of fibers in this sample. Wool has a natural affinity for dye : it is a textile fiber that is easy to dye. And why does the merino have so much of it and our little Ouessant sheep so little and so rarely? The females are not horned and with a shoulder height of max. Woolly Tales & Yarns from a Spinner's Flock of Ouessant Sheep Ouessant sheep raised mainly for wool production. They are small and strong, used to the rugged conditions of the Breton coast. ... Can you spin their wool? In the world of textiles, when we see well structured locks of wool that have a distinctive crimp pattern, we talk about a fleece that has style. Wool has excellent elasticity and memory. The ram's fleece weighs 1.2-1.8kg, the ewe's fleece 1-1.5kg. Bray, A. R. “Fleece Types Developed During Domestication.” In, The World of Coloured Sheep, The Proceedings of the 6th World Congress on Coloured Sheep, Christchurch, New Zealand, November 2004, N° 3 : " The 4 Fiber Types Found in an Ouessant Fleece ", Marcus, black ouessant ram born 2010, grey and brown carrier. They originated on Ile d’Ouessant, a small island off the coast of Brittany, France. Aug 5, 2016 - N° 1 : "Introduction" I admit it. The Society exists to protect, promote and improve the Ouessant breed, providing members with information and advice on the care and welfare of Ouessants, and representing the interests of owners and their sheep in the … The wool is very light and poor in scratchy hairs. I love wool. The Ouessant sheep is insular, highly appreciated for its meat and the quality of its wool. Mar 15, 2020 - N° 1 : "Introduction" I admit it. Ewes rarely produce twins, and the breed is primarily used for wool production. The Ouessant sheep carries a thick fleece of long wool with a dense undercoat. The Ouessant Excellent eco friendly & people friendly lawn mowers. Then sit back and enjoy this little bit of extra information. The wool of the inner fleece is as fine as that of a merino and the longer guard hairs are as robust as those of a commercial long-wool breed such as the Romney. easy care & low maintenance. The fleece is of high quality and can be hand spun, felted or used for weaving. Ouessant Wethers For Sale The only U.S. breeders of the Ouessant sheep (in Lincoln Massachusetts) will have about eight wethers for sale this fall. The wool of the Ouessant sheep is very often dark brown, which also corresponds to the original color. This breed of sheep is very small compared to others. The skin, on the other hand, is always black. Tiny sheep, huge characters! What this means is that there are a couple of different types of fiber in this lock of wool : in this instance, there is wool (that is the same length as the neck wool) along with quite a number of heterotypes. Even then, although the lock of wool is separated from the fleece, we can see that a lock of Ouessant wool lacks structure. They hail from an island off France* and are considered to be the world’s smallest sheep, which is handy for middle-aged neophyte farmers. The sample taken from around the neck (excluding the mane) is shorter than the other samples and is in the form of a rectangle. They rely on staying together as a flock for protecting themselves from predators. It’s true that I have a bit of a preference for Ouessant wool. For example, in the following photo, we can see a few more or less distinctive locks of wool around the neck of. We are part of a small West Coast safety net repository gene bank for upbreeding in the United States, with the goal of starting a registry and establishing the breed here. This breed of sheep is very small compared to others. The wool is also very fine and soft. Les Articles Pour en savoir plus sur la laine, la génétique de la couleur, et la recherche actuelle sur le mouton d’Ouessant. Located 12 miles off the French coast in the Sea of Iroise, the island of Ouessant (or Ushant in English) is the original homeland of Ouessant Sheep. The Ouessant Sheep Society was formed by a group of like minded breeders and enthusiasts in February 2005 and has since grown to include over 100 flocks across the UK. Ouessant sheep are black, brown or white and have a thick fleece of long wool with a dense undercoat. Primitive sheep lack distinctive, well formed-locks, which makes the fleece look like a solid mass of wool. The island of Ouessant is a small piece of land located just off the coast of Brittany, France and until early in the 20th century the Ouessant sheep … Wool is an excellent regulator of humidity : it can absorb up to 30% of its weight in humidity without feeling damp. home of the fencote breeding line established in 2005, one of the oldest ouessant flocks in the uk all from pure bred traceable lines over five generations black and carrying the brown gene breeding for quality and to breed standard the world's smallest naturally occurring breed of sheep excellent eco friendly & people friendly 'lawn mowers' Today, the animals are often used to maintain landscapes. La race "Mouton d'Ouessant" est originaire de l’île d’’Ouessant qui fait parti d’un petit archipel au large du Finistère, Bretagne. Also known as Ushant or Breton Dwarf Sheep, the Ouessant is one of the smallest sheep breeds in the world. The wool grows 8 to 10 cms in a year and has an average fineness of 25-28 microns. The Ouessant fleece is no exception to this rule. This is the stuff everyone's talking about. In order to separate a “lock” of ouessant wool from the fleece, you need to pull the lock out of the fleece by its long tapered tips. On the other hand, we talk about a fleece’s “character” when we want to describe the overall look of a fleece : the style of the locks, the crimp pattern, and the color & feel of the wool. But all of the so-called modern and improved breeds of sheep also have their own characteristic lock structure. N° 1 : "Introduction" I admit it. These two types of fiber both come from primary follicles and as a result the diameter of these fibers is greater than that of the secondary fiber (wool). Its wool is mostly black, but there are brown and white versions, accepted by breed standards. As they are prey animals, so they are highly sensitive to predators. The Ouessant sheep are strong and hardy animals. As a result we can find a wool to make a layette for a new born baby, a wool to make rugs, and yet another wool to make sweaters and hats. The male animals carry large spiral horns, which have some distance from the head. They also make fantastic pets, especially the Ouessant sheep. I queued this post on the Ouessant sheep for you to come out on Monday, but it didn’t work. Females are naturally polled (no horns). From shop monpetitrouet. The guard hairs come in two distinct forms : heterotype fiber and hair fiber. Wool is an all-purpose textile fiber. The sample taken from the thigh is even more outstanding than the side sample, with its length, tapering tips and multiple fiber types. For a beautiful, well structured lock, all of the fibers must line up perfectly. A lock of wool has a very distinctive look and to a certain extent it is the lock formation that makes for a beautiful fleece. • Wool and techniques for handprocessing wool products from Ouessant and other primitive breeds. The breed is originated from the island of Ouessant off the coast of Brittany, France. The Ouessant Sheep was my latest featured breed of sheep on the Plutonium Muffins podcast, in Episode Seven: Kiti. Jasper’s fleece is an excellent example of this lack of lock structure : Fournier, Nola, and Jane Fournier. The Ouessant sheep breed is the smallest breed of sheep in the world (topping out at less than 20 inches at shoulder and 35 to 50 pounds) and is also has the largest wool yield of all breeds, producing 10% of body weight in lustrous wool. Ouessant sheep are the smallest recognized breed of sheep in the world, measuring only 18 to 19 inches at the shoulder. . Wool is available in a variety of forms because every breed of sheep produces a particular type of wool that is characteristic of that breed. Ouessant sheep are a rare heritage breed. Ouessant sheep are … It can be used in a number of fibrecrafts including felting and for weaving. Ouessant Sheep. The Ouessant sheep carries a thick fleece of long wool with a dense undercoat. For more infomation about wool, sheep color genetics, and current research being done on Ouessant sheep. There are about 850 sheep on the island, all of them hardy as Ushant has a harsh climate with plenty of strong winds and storms. The island, which marks the beginning of the English Channel, covers six square miles and is best known for its lighthouses. Most are lambs born this spring and they range from 3/4 Ouessant to 7/8 Ouessant. The Ouessant sheep are used for wool. The sample taken from the side is longer than the one taken from around the neck and it has tapered tips. They provide us with wool for clothing, blankets, and other material items, but some can also provide us with food that is rich in protein, iron, B-vitamins, and zinc. This hydrophilic property of wool allows it to breathe. But this is relatively rare and generally only found in certain areas of the fleece, notably around the neck. Unlike the improved breeds of modern sheep, the Ouessant sheep and his primitive cousins don’t have a distinctive lock structure. 50% fleeces from Ouessant island 25% sheep raised in Finistère, Brittany, France (including some from organic herd) 25% merinos d’Arles raised in France. It insulates against the cold as well as heat, thanks to the quantity of air that is trapped in its fibers. (p.15). So what exactly is this structure? Additionally, wool is a natural resource : renewable and ecological. Ouessant Sheep. They are also raised as a hobby or as pets. It was the women of the island that raised the sheep, renowned for their black wool to weave into cloth known locally as berlinge and their meat with its sweet and delicate taste. In this article, representing France in our European tour of sheep and wool, she tells us a bit more about this wonderful, ancient breed. Wool keeps us warm during the winter and is pleasant to wear during the summer. May 22, 2015 - The worlds smallest naturally occurring breed of sheep. The tail is short. Ouessant sheep produce a thick fleece that historically was the primary material used for clothing on the island. The Merino, an improved breed of sheep, is known for its fine uniform fleece. Lock structure is dependant on one thing : uniformity! They are ideal for small holders for wool, companion animals, meat production or simply to keep the grass down. Olive Mount Farm: tel/text 07957 567 557 Home Alpacas Horses Sheep Goats Birds Bees Contact us Ouessant. The unique mix of natural colours makes the wool particularly desirable. It’s true that I have a bit of a preference for Ouessant wool. The average thickness of their wool is 27 to 28 microns. They have a thick fleece of long wool with a dense undercoat that comes mainly in a … Additionally, the presence of these different types of fiber makes it almost impossible to see the wool’s crimp. 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